tv [untitled] February 20, 2014 1:30am-2:01am EST
secrets of the divinity analysis but he or she will never understand the truth about goldman sachs tentacles of fraud and deception. there i marinated this is boom bust and these are the stories that we're tracking for you today. are lovers. oh are the look to. be. the shroud of the man to guess which country is singing that same tune overtaking india as the number one consumer of gold we'll tell you all about it just ahead and boom bust days golden with george sheldon who joins me to talk about whether the gold standards in flexibility contributed to debt deflation in the one nine hundred thirty s. plus comedian and author of the camp it makes his big deal debut to talk about how
chevron tried to mend his relationship after customers had to go through an explosive mistake on their part chevrons part you want to miss a moment and it all starts right now. with. our lead story today gold now india has long been gold's top consumer however china has recently overtaken india as the country with the highest demand for the precious metal chinese demand for gold bars coins enjoy restored thirty two percent to record levels in two thousand and thirteen even as the price of gold slumped twenty eight percent now according to new data from the world gold council china
over took india as the world's top consumer of physical gold importing over one thousand metric tons of the metal to india's nine hundred seventy five metric tons now while gold has taken a wild ride in recent years chinese buyers are obviously undeterred before two thousand and two it was a legal for chinese citizens to own gold but now it seems they just can't get enough of it now the sharp rise in chinese. consumption partially offset a steep fall in gold demand elsewhere and according to the world gold council last year's price lump contributed to a two percent fall in the global supply of gold now grinning like capital's david einhorn once wrote in treating piece criticizing the federal reserve's monetary policy relating the central banks to force feeding someone too many jelly donuts in the hopes of a sugar rush now with the fed maintaining record low interest rates einhorn says quote as a result i will keep
a substantial long exposure to gold which the antidote for my portfolio well it seems like the chinese market is long the antidote to fed monetary policy but with that said there are also long the don't. us. us. us. us. now stand on the subject of gold a lot of economists fall in flexibility of the gold standard for contributing to the debt deflation of the one nine hundred thirty s. now i recently interviewed george celdran professor of economics at the university of georgia and a senior fellow at the cato institute and i asked him what his thoughts were on the inflexibility of the gulf standard specifically in relation to its contribution to debt deflation of the one nine hundred thirty s. here's what he had to say. that is
a very oversimplified perspective on what happened in the thirty's to put it mildly the true story is far more complicated the old gold standard which was in place in the decades prior to the outbreak of world war two the classical gold standard didn't create deflation problems although there were of course debtors who wish there had been more inflation than there actually was under that regime they always do it doesn't follow that the regime actually created another healthy rate of deflation for the most part it didn't now with world war one basically the old classical gold standard broke down and after the war there were attempts to cobble it together that invoked some let's say short cuts being implemented or special arrangements being made to try to economize on gold because the world price level had risen substantially when the gold standard was suspended so now nations faced
a stark choice of either deflating even more dramatically than some did after the war or golly wearing their currencies in terms of gold and if you did. or coming up with some ways to run a gold standard on the cheap as it where and that's what great britain in particular tried to do and to do so it needed the cooperation of other countries including the united states france among others well what ended up breaking down at the end of the thirty's was this special gold standard arrangement sometimes called called the gold exchange standard because the cooperation it depended on simply proved unsustainable when france in particular. decided to act in a way contrary to. england's being able to stay on this to stay on the
gold standard so it was a tragedy really england really should have devalued the pound after the war realistically it didn't have the gold and then we might have had another round of a stable sustainable gold standard in any event the jury rigged version set up after the war collapsed so calling that the gold standards of flexibility is rather too simplified it was the. instability of a an ad hoc version of the gold standard it was not the same thing that had done so well before world war one now looking for today we have a fee on money system and one of the flaws of the system seems to be the in compatibility of america's domestic agenda with its role as a reserve currency now how the u.s. and its status as a debtor nation when its role as a reserve currency means that foreigners are obliged to accumulate dollar reserves i don't understand how that could work. well there are
a number of issues here first of all wasted understanding that our status as a debtor nation supplying the international reserve currency actually makes us pretty lucky it means that people hold our dollars and we get their goodies just in exchange for these bits of paper that's not a privilege other countries enjoy so if being a debtor means getting people to hold your debt and being able to use that debt instead of having to pay that's not such a bad thing what would be bad is if everyone decided all at once that they want to cash in these dollars that would pose a challenge of course for our monetary policy but. otherwise it's not clear that this debtor status is a bad thing more broadly it could simply mean that a lot of people like investing in the u.s.
and that can be a sign of health we have to distinguish between the debts that we accumulate simply because where i make on a me that's attractive to investors or the economy that supplies international reserve currency from debts that we accumulate because we're not able to pay our bills because the dollar is excessively. and excessively easy money there are a number of other healthy ways to become a net debtor and these we have to worry about but in general i think that if we had a policy that truly cater towards the requirements for macroeconomic stability domestically our other international policies would actually be less challenging for one thing if we had a rule that allowed deflation and that in times of rapid productivity growth. we
would also have a dollar that was stronger internationally than we do when we resort to easy monetary policy is a way to keep our domestic prices from falling so i think my recommendations about deflation actually would make life easier for us internationally as well as domestic. they probably would but many people they point to the gold standard as a way out of this but didn't the prayer world war one standard and as most monetary regimes do because countries didn't want to add here to the restrictions. well that's right but the real problem is that too many countries were relying by the time world war one broke out too many countries including all the principal antagonists in the war they had gold standards but they also had central banks and the central banks exercised monopolies of currency so they basically where
the institutions that where solely responsible for maintaining the gold standard and of course they were in cahoots with their governments or depended on them for their privileges so when those governments went to war and decided they wanted to finance it with paper money it was easy for them to essentially allow or even command their central banks to suspend payments so they could resorts to inflationary finance if you want to have a stable sustainable gold standard the moral of the story goes what you need is a gold standard that isn't maintained or managed by national central banks you need a competitive system canada had such a system though as part of the british dominion assist nations it was also bound to cooperate with england in the war so did australia scotland
had such a system before eight hundred forty five people who advocate the gold standard and i sympathise with the kind of arrangement they want to get back to have to understand that as long as we have central banks where i'm unlikely ever to have a real gold standard that's reliable and that's more true now than it was in one thousand nine hundred team because now people know that the central banks are perfectly capable of know renee going on their gold commitments of devaluing the their currencies in terms of gold. if we went back to an international gold standard tomorrow managed by the present world central banks there would be a run on every one of those gold standard currencies the very day we deem ability of those currencies and gold was announced and that would cause an immediate collapse that's a rather dire prediction but i have no doubt that it's true i want to thank you for
your time and your insight we have to be back on very soon thank you very much it's been a lot of fun and appreciate the opportunity to talk to you. now as george celdran university of georgia economics professor and author of the theory of free banking . time now for a quick break but stick around because when we were turn we're bringing you part two of my interview with ben steele senior fellow or fellow and director of international economics at the council on foreign relations then in today's big deal i'm joined by our tease me camp to discuss chevrons recent pope paul you won't want to miss it so stay tuned but as we head to a quick break here are some of the closing numbers that the bell sticker out.
of the journals have the specific tendency of seeking out negative stories about russia and what could be one that gets you down the possibility of a major terror attack when it comes to the western media there's a tendency to look at the caucasus emirate through the prism of what the russians do that is don't look at the idiology don't look at the actions of the caucasus emirate would you have been instead look at the way the russians on occasion violate the political civil and human rights in combat in their job as.
you refuse economic help down in the final months day to learn to do your shanghai and the rest because i was doing the taking will be if we. welcome back now when we talk about our global financial system there is one meeting that underlies much of how it functions the famous bretton woods conference which set up many of the institutions in that rule the institutions and rules rather that determine how soft our nation's interact with one another economically now the phrase bretton woods has become shorthand for international monetary
cooperation and you often hear pundits calling for a new bretton woods to hash out modern economic differences like liquidity and leverage ratios for international financial institution. yes but what exactly happened at the conference wasn't really a paradigm of cooperation dr ben steele the author of the battle of bretton woods argues in his book that that meeting was instead a way for the united states to neuter great britain and cement the importance of the us dollar when the allies met in bretton woods new hampshire in july in one nine hundred forty four the second world war was still underway now i asked dr ben steele why the allies were in such a hurry to establish a new monetary system here's what he said. well there were two reasons in particular first and foremost f.d.r. was anxious to use this conference to send a political message to the enemy axis powers that it was the allies in the united states in particular that had the compelling vision for the post-war era he
believed that this could actually serve to bring the war to an earlier conclusion second the united states leaves very passionately that it would be critical to reestablish a semblance of economic and monetary stability very quickly after the war to prevent the world from sinking back into depression and conflict in this regard they were actually very unsuccessful and it took the marshall plan launched by the united states in one nine hundred forty seven to revive the western european and indeed global economy now you have written a book about bretton woods the conference itself was the conference contentious in any way. it was very contentious between two countries in particular the united states and great britain the united states was very conscious of the fact that britain was going bankrupt during world war two and was intent on using this as an opportunity to ensure that in the postwar era
a great britain did not once again reemerge as a political and economic rival to the united states so bretton woods among other things. sought to establish the u.s. dollar as the unrivaled global currency the global unit of account the global unit for trade now why didn't we go back to a strict gold standard after bretton woods. there wasn't really any support for it . and the united states had no intention of binding itself to the old implicit rules of the classical gold exchange standard they wanted complete freedom to monitor. operate their currency as they saw fit the only thing they were willing to do was make the pledge that they would keep the value of the u.s. dollar fix to gold in exchange rate of thirty five dollars an ounce this is a pledge they were forced to read negron in one thousand nine hundred ninety one
would you explain that john maynard keane's idea for a bank or. keynes wanted to establish a new super national currency which you would call bank or which he hoped would eventually come to rival the u.s. dollar and supplant its global role i should emphasize that keynes would never have proposed such a thing or his government wouldn't have allowed him to if he and his government had felt that there was an opportunity for reestablishing sterling as a major international reserve currency but they knew that there wasn't the second best alternative for them was to find a way to contain the power of the united states by limiting the influence of the u.s. dollar now having suffered a huge financial crisis and can the one during the great depression do you think we will soon revisit the idea of ideas discussed at bretton woods. well
interestingly enough back in two thousand and nine the chinese central bank governor. joe produced a statement that got enormous attention saying that bretton woods had really been a terrible mistake we should not have pursued the plan of harry dexter white and u.s. treasury we should have pursued the plan of john maynard keynes and the british to establish a new super national current c. now whereas china is not currently pushing in that direction they are pushing in the direction of weakening the influence of the u.s. dollar for example in recent years china has signed by lateral agreements with russia turkey. japan and brazil to begin trading with us dollars as an intermediary vehicle right and then short of the votes to come we'd love to
have you back here to talk about that sometimes in all those multi-vitamin trade agreements ben thank you so much for your time and your insight if we have to have you back on very soon. thanks very much aaron. that was author and director of international economics at the council on foreign relations dr ben still turn out for today's big deal. time now for the big deal i'm joined by our team resident comedian that we have here and we can we thank you they're very very good now in today's big deal chevron attempts to put out some fires but they actually have only found the flames now comedian and author a week camp like i mentioned before he joins me to talk about dylan or pennsylvania dylan or where one of chevron's natural gas wells exploded starting
a fire that lasted for days not hours deeds one contractor was killed another injured so chevron decided to apologize if it seems fitting. they might as well now here's a letter chevron sent to you about one hundred local residents and that right there that you see in your upper right hand corner that is a gift certificate for the pizza is chevron doing some best of business practices with this coupon for pizza so i mean that is that is insulting to me and i'm not a resident of i think this is a great idea this is this is how far a parent we fall in that if you go up to some of these people that look your town is being destroyed there's explosions people are dying there's smoke over but you're going to get a pizza. just don't mention it or they might take away the pizza. ok about it they could tell that pizza right out from under the town is on fire but they get. it is a good idea so i think disaster pizza and with all the explosions going on around
the country i've come up with my own disaster pizza place and we're going to have a menu here keystone x.l. explosive stromboli. chemical spill spaghetti flammable tap water fettuccine and our trademark blood. along barbecue chicken wings i think it can be very popular but what does the fed if you need the playmobil. now i mean for. ever or something that you should be mad about it's a question you know it just seems like you can't get mad at chevron but is that all they could possibly do to make it up to residents of del mar is there something actually this smart or from a marketing perspective they could do just so you can get the children you can't you can't i mean i know you can you can get sees me going out of there we want to. know there are there are some things they could do they could stop fracking the hell out of places. they could tell people to truth about the chemical like they will they will even tell the truth about what chemicals are used in fracking they
could tell the truth about the billions of gallons its use of water the fresh water that's used and listen like this so basically truth they could pay them off with truth i think i don't know if that would work and since they know. now i understand that radio disney they've also come under fire for shall we say fracking up explain precisely what they want this story they were going around for a while with oil and gas companies because they found out that there's a certain time you can get people in order to push propaganda about fracking it's a great time to get a it's cold when they're children when they're a half adults aka tiny screaming blobs of stupidity maybe i only call them that but that's that's also what i refer to congress as but anyway they were going around to schools and with radio disney teaching these kids fracking is wonderful. and it does rock if you consider the earthquakes and. they were in line they're always ready and. literally rock now it isn't the only industry that's getting in trouble
for its interactions with its customers now let's look at online retailer amazon the world's eleventh largest retailer and this company made it consumer reports naughty list for a raise. in the spending requirements to get free shipping now is that a bad way to treat your customers specifically worse than pizza. to raise the rates and it is very nice put up or concerned with how they treat their workers i mean here let's look at that so they have these massive well warehouses that are just gigantic and these workers are just work to the bone and they run around there's been some reporting on this they run around and they're judged by the second how many seconds it takes them to find each product and you know what in one of these reports one of these got you get fired for one day missing one day a guy missed a day because his baby had just been born and they fired him and he was then going back through the training. and the reason is because people are so desperate for any kind of work that they can just be treated like crap and it's incredible and
you know jeff bezos he's always talking about how amazing his company is because of the fact that they have them because it shows up on your door that you had a lot of your own with things like that a little harder you know and i remember moving on to draw. on drones that these are the most amazing technology the world has ever seen and we're using it to deliver slap jobs to agoraphobia i don't know if that's that's really the greatest thing i'm just basis is great as some claim here why are our stocks generally higher than we've seen basically since two thousand and six i know it varies day to day but generally they've been so high particularly for these large corporations what do you think that's all about these things corresponded stocks really high because workers can be treated like crap like that that is why that's one of the reasons is because you know it's a buyer's market for corporations they can say we're not going to pay you much we're not going to give you any benefits and you can take the job anyway. you know in my opinion judging how well a society is doing by how well the stocks are doing is like judging the health of a dying man by looking at the leeches on his skin. to look pretty happy you're
going to be fine it was. just a victim of your awesome thank you so much for being here you got it back that's all for now but you can see also. segments featured in today's show on you tube out you tube dot com slash boom bust archie we also love love hearing from ms and please check out our facebook page at facebook dot com slash boom bust r.t. you can also tweet us at aaron ate at edward and h. will be back soon and tweet at leat at leak out from all of us here thanks for watching theo next time shall.
fly a transit route to vnukovo report your best way to the heart of moscow. a short term peace deal is struck between the government and rioters in ukraine after days of deadly violence in the capital however the un compromising stance of the radical opposition threatens to undermine it at any moment. for the fear of. the protesters resort to kangaroo courts stealing weapons and taking prisoners as the crisis starts to resemble a war both already say they could launch a full counterterrorism operation. you don't like a particular policy. or a particular president. then argue for your position go out there and win an election but the u.s. and the e.u. making no mention of the violence.